Nonwoven fabric - Wikipedia

Non-woven fabric is a fabric-like material made from staple fibre (short) and long fibres (continuous long), bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in the textile manufacturing industry to denote fabrics, such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted.

20 types of FABRIC WEAVES {An overview} - Sew Guide

Nov 23, 2019· on the face and back of the fabric. Ground yarns and additional yarns for the pile are used in the fabric construction. Fabrics with a pile weave: Velvet (Cut pile), terrycloth, Corduroy, Velveteen (Uncut/loop pile). 13 Jacquard weave. This is a beautiful weave with intricate and colourful designs woven into the fabric.

Fabric construction - SlideShare

Mar 13, 2014· Fabric Construction • Most fabrics are made by weaving or knitting yarns, although non-woven fabrics are made by bonding or felting fibres together. • A fabric's appearance, properties and end use can be affected by the way it was constructed. 20. Major classification of Fabric Constructions 1. Woven Fabric 2. Knitted fabric 3. Laced fabric 4.

Classification of Fabrics and Their Uses - Textile Chapter

Textile Chapter Fabric Classification of Fabrics and Their Uses. Classification of Fabrics and Their Uses ... Non-woven fabric is used for the below purposes: Coating substrates, Wipes, Filtration, Medical, ... Sewing Machine Used in Apparel Industry: Sewing machine plays an important role in apparel manufacturing sector. There are a lot of sew...


Woven fabrics or weaving processes resulting in particular woven fabrics. These aspects are covered by D03D 1/00 - D03D 27/00. Specific types of weaving machines or processes to operate such weaving machines. These aspects are covered by D03D 29/00 - D03D 47/00. Details or features common to ...

GSM Formula - Calculation Methods & Factors Affecting ...

1) Calculate GSM From The Fabric Construction In Woven Fabric. To calculate the GSM of fabric we must know the various factors of fabric construction such as warp and weft count, crimp percentage of warp and weft, density of warp(EPI) and weft (PPI) From these …

Cotton: From Field to Fabric- Fabric Manufacturing

For example, a machine with a 32-inch cylinder can have over 2,700 needles and 128 cones of yarn feeding simultaneously. These are typical statistics for a machine used in making underwear knits, but figures vary according to the type of machine used and the fabrics produced. The flat knitting machine is another basic type.

Textile - Production of fabric | Britannica

Textile - Textile - Production of fabric: Fabric construction involves the conversion of yarns, and sometimes fibres, into a fabric having characteristics determined by the materials and methods employed. Most fabrics are presently produced by some method of interlacing, such as weaving or knitting. Weaving, currently the major method of fabric production, includes the basic weaves, plain or ...

What are the Properties of woven fabrics - Answers

Mar 26, 2014· Woven fabrics are usually smooth, unless thicker yarns are used in the construction of the fabric, the edges generally fray quite easily, they don't stretch much on the weft (horizontal) or the ...

How to Read Fabric Construction? - Online Clothing Study

Cotton: Fabric composition. Fabric is made of cotton fibre. You might also find another form of fabric construction like. 30X30 / 76X68 (Here yarns count are mentioned first and then EPI X PPI is mentioned) Also Read: How to determine GSM of Woven Fabric from its construction? Sometimes we forget basic things.

How felt is made - material, making, history, used ...

Felt is a dense, non-woven fabric and without any warp or weft. Instead, felted fabric is made from matted and compressed fibers or fur with no apparent system of threads. Felt is produced as these fibers and/or fur are pressed together using heat, moisture, and pressure. ... Generally, at least two carding machines are used in the ...

Woven Fabric Construction, Woven Fabric Construction ... offers 16,722 woven fabric construction products. About 1% of these are adhesives & sealants, 1% are safety clothing, and 1% are safety gloves. A wide variety of woven fabric construction options are available to you, such as paper printer, indoor.

Woven fabric - Wikipedia

Woven fabric only stretches diagonally on the bias directions (between the warp and weft directions), unless the threads used are elastic. Woven fabric cloth usually frays at the edges, unless techniques are used to counter it, such as the use of pinking shears or hemming.

321-E-Lesson-24 - National Institute of Open Schooling

ric. Knits are mainly used for ho-siery. Knit fabrics are specially use-ful for garments like underwear, T-shirts, socks etc. iii) Non-Woven: These fabrics are made directly from fibers without weaving or knitting. Fibers are held together by mechanical forces, gum or heat. Namada is a traditional Kashmiri piece of a non-woven type of fabric.

KNIT FABRIC - 12 main types to make clothes with - Sew Guide

Aug 09, 2018· How is a knit fabric different from the woven fabric ? A woven fabric is made by weaving one fiber with another in a criss-cross pattern but Knit fabrics are made by looping together long lengths of a single yarn. You see only one-way yarn all going in one direction on the surface of the knit fabric. This special type of construction makes the knit fabric stretch ( it's most characteristic ...

How to Determine GSM of Woven Fabric from its Construction?

One of my colleagues used to use this formula in the testing lab. In case different counts of warp thread or weft thread are used then this formula will not give you correct GSM. It is also known as conversion formula from fabric construction to fabric weight. Fabric GSM = (EPI/warp count + PPI/Weft count) x (100+crimp %) X 0.2327

iTextiles - Fabrics

Knowledge of fabric construction techniques is beneficial in selecting the appropriate fabric for the intended end use. This section focuses on woven, knitted, and nonwoven fabrics, as they are the three most widely used methods for fabric construction.

Fabric Machine, Fabric Machine Suppliers and Manufacturers ... offers 1,034,152 fabric machine products. About 40% of these are other packaging machines, 9% are digital printers, and 4% are heat press machines. A wide variety of fabric machine options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples.

The Important Role of Geotextiles in Construction

Sep 24, 2018· Geotextiles are commonly used to improve soils over which roads, embankments, pipelines, and earth retaining structures are built. There are several types of geotextile material, including open-mesh, warp-knitted, and closed fabric or non-woven textiles.

Guide to weaving | Make Works

This Guide to Weaving was written by Textile designers and Weaver Heather Sheilds What is weaving? Weaving is a type of fabric construction where two sets of threads, the warp and the weft, interlace at right angles to create cloth suitable for a variety of functions.

Types of Woven Fabrics - universally used fabric names ...

Apr 21, 2019· Types of Woven Fabrics. Buckram Fabric. It is a stiff coated fabric made from a lightweight loosely woven fabric, impregnated with adhesives and fillers. This fabric is used as interfacing so as to provide support and shape retention to necklines, collars, belts, cuffs, waistbands, button closures etc in garments.

3D Woven Fabrics - IntechOpen

Regardless of the types of machines used, weaving technology is capable of constructing 3D fabrics with many different geometrical shapes. Chen studied the configurations and geometries of the 3D woven fabrics and classified 3D woven fabrics into four different categories, as listed in Table 1 (Chen, 2007 as cited in Chen et al., 2011).

Fabric Strength Testing with a Universal Testing Machine ...

Recommended Equipment for Fabric Strength Testing. A universal testing machine with constant-rate-of-extension equipped with a stationary bottom grip and with a top grip mounted on the moving crosshead is recommended for fabric tensile testing. The machine should be able to move at a constant speed throughout the test.